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Personnel Air Showers: What Are They and Why Are They Important

  • 2023-12-04
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In industries where contamination control is crucial, such as pharmaceutical, biotech, and semiconductor manufacturing, personnel air showers are often used to reduce the risk of airborne particles and microorganisms entering critical areas Personnel air showers are enclosed spaces that blow high-velocity air onto individuals entering or exiting cleanrooms or other controlled environments to remove particles from their clothes and skin. In this article, we will dive into the details of personnel air showers, their benefits, and how they work.

Personnel Air Showers: A Crucial Component for Contamination Control

What Are Personnel Air Showers?

Personnel air showers, also known as air showers, are fully enclosed structures that use high-velocity jets of filtered air to remove contaminants from individuals before they enter or exit a cleanroom or other controlled environment. The air shower system typically includes a vestibule or anteroom, an air shower chamber, and an exit door. The vestibule or anteroom serves as an intermediate space between the dirty and clean areas and prevents contaminants from entering the cleanroom.

The air shower chamber is where the individual stands while the high-velocity air jets blow off loose particles from their clothes and skin. The exit door is the final barrier between the cleanroom and the outside environment.

How Do Personnel Air Showers Work?

Personnel air showers work by removing surface particles from people's clothes and skin using high-velocity air jets. As an individual enters the air shower chamber, the door automatically closes behind them, and the air shower system activates. The system releases filtered air through adjustable nozzles or jets, blowing from different angles to remove particles from the person's clothes and skin.

The air is then collected through filters and recirculated back into the system. The entire process takes about 15 to 30 seconds, depending on the air shower's design and the number of nozzles. Once the process is complete, the exit door automatically opens, allowing the individual to enter the cleanroom.

Benefits of Personnel Air Showers

Personnel air showers provide several benefits, including:

Reduced Contamination Risk

The primary benefit of personnel air showers is to minimize the risk of airborne particles and microorganisms entering the cleanroom or other controlled environments. The air shower's high-velocity air jets effectively remove loose particles from the individual's clothes and skin, preventing them from entering the cleanroom.

Improved Cleanroom Performance

By reducing the amount of contaminants that enter a cleanroom, personnel air showers can improve cleanroom performance. A cleanroom with lower levels of contaminants has better production yields, higher quality products, and lower overall operating costs.

Enhanced Safety for Personnel

Personnel air showers also enhance the safety of personnel by removing hazardous substances from their clothes and skin before they enter the cleanroom. This reduces the risk of contamination and exposure to hazardous materials.

Considerations When Choosing a Personnel Air Shower

When choosing a personnel air shower, several factors should be considered, including:

Airflow Velocity

The airflow velocity of the air shower is essential to ensure effective particle removal. The higher the airflow velocity, the more effective the air shower is at removing particles. Typically, airflow velocities range from 20 to 30 meters per second.

Number and Orientation of Nozzles

The number and orientation of nozzles determine the effectiveness of the air shower. A greater number of nozzles and varied orientation can remove particles from all angles and provide a more thorough cleaning.

Air Filter Efficiency

The efficiency of the air filters used in the air shower system is also important. HEPA filters are commonly used as they are highly efficient at removing particles as small as 0.3 microns.

Size and Configuration of the Air Shower

The size and configuration of the air shower depend on the number of personnel and the size of the cleanroom. Personnel air showers come in various sizes, ranging from small, single-person units to large, multiple-person units. It is important to choose the appropriate size and configuration to ensure effective particle removal.

Maintenance and Cleaning

Proper maintenance and cleaning of personnel air showers are essential to ensure their effectiveness. Regular maintenance and filter replacement ensure that the system continues to remove particles effectively. The air shower chamber and vestibule should also be regularly cleaned to prevent the accumulation of particles and contaminants.


How often should personnel air showers be cleaned?

Personnel air showers should be cleaned regularly, depending on usage and the level of contamination in the environment. Typically, it is recommended to clean the air shower chamber and vestibule at least once a week.

How do personnel air showers improve cleanroom performance?

Personnel air showers improve cleanroom performance by reducing the amount of contaminants that enter the cleanroom, leading to higher production yields, higher quality products, and lower operating costs.

Can personnel air showers remove all types of contaminants?

Personnel air showers are designed to remove surface particles from clothing and skin. They are not effective at removing contaminants that are already inside the body, such as viruses and bacteria.

Can personnel air showers be customized for specific applications?

Yes, personnel air showers can be customized to meet specific application requirements. Different configurations of nozzles, airflow velocity, and air filter efficiency can be tailored to meet specific contamination control needs.

Are personnel air showers expensive?

The cost of personnel air showers varies depending on the size, configuration, and features. However, the investment in a personnel air shower can provide significant long-term benefits in terms of improved cleanroom performance, higher product quality, and lower operating costs.


Personnel air showers are a vital component of contamination control in industries where cleanroom environments are critical. These structures effectively remove surface particles from individuals before they enter the controlled environment, reducing the risk of contamination and improving overall cleanroom performance. When choosing a personnel air shower, it is important to consider airflow velocity, number and orientation of nozzles, air filter efficiency, size and configuration of the air shower, and regular maintenance and cleaning.

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